Biathlon Bitcoin Sports Betting

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Biathlon is a winter sport that combines the endurance needed for cross-country skiing with the accuracy and precision of rifle shooting. The sport was officially introduced in the Olympics in 1960 but was already played as early as 1924 by Military Patrol units. In Biathlon, the sport is either played in singles or teams in a relay format. Since the creation of online sports betting websites, Biathlon is a sport that is rarely seen in them due to its winter-nature (is not available all the time). But despite this fact, people are keen in betting on their favorite players and teams using Bitcoin. Below are betting odds for all sporting events and leagues under Biathlon from all over the world.

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The sport

Biathlon is a winter sport. The term biathlon comes from Greek and means duel. Biathlon is a combination of the disciplines shooting and cross-country skiing. The winter sport combines endurance and precision.

The goal of every biathlete is to run as fast as possible and achieve a perfect shooting result. The difficulty lies in shooting calmly and precisely after a strenuous run despite a high heart and pulse rate – lying down and standing up. Missed shots are usually punished with penalty rounds, which cost the athlete valuable time.

Biathlon has been Olympic for men since 1924 and for women since 1992.

Biathlon – recommendations for nutrition

Biathletes have to be versatile. Only the interplay between endurance, technique, precision and accuracy can bring success to the athletes. In addition to training, nutrition plays a major role.

In sport, a distinction is made between competitive nutrition and basic food. The general basic diet should above all be varied and balanced. The main source of energy is carbohydrates such as those found in pasta, rice, potatoes, fruit and cereal products.

The quality of the fatty acids should be taken into account when consuming fat. Foods such as fast food, deep-fried products, cakes and pastries or even chips mainly contain saturated fatty acids, which can have a negative effect on health. Healthy fats, on the other hand, such as those found in fish, nuts, olive oil and rapeseed oil, help to keep the body healthy.

Protein is a source of energy, but is also a building block for muscle and body tissue. For biathletes a sufficient protein supply is just as important as for other athletes, because the muscles are strongly stressed during a race. Therefore, protein suppliers such as dairy products, soya, legumes, meat and fish should also be consumed regularly, as should vegetables, which provide vitamins and minerals in particular.

On competition days, the choice of food plays a special role. Meals should be light but also rich in energy, vitamins and minerals. The consumption of a lot of fat and fibre before a race is taboo, as these substances put a strain on the stomach due to their difficult digestibility. Cornflakes, fine bread, bananas or muesli are ideal for the energy supply on a biathlete’s competition day. They supply a lot of carbohydrates, but are low in fat and do not strain the body.

Carbohydrates that are absorbed particularly quickly by the stomach, such as maltodextrin and dextrose, are suitable for replenishing the carbohydrate stores shortly before the race. They are contained in the Body Attack Carbo Loader, for example, which can be drunk simply mixed with water about 20 minutes before the starting signal.

Also the supply after the competition should not be forgotten. The body needs new energy to recover and regenerate. A combination of carbohydrates and protein is useful to replenish the exhausted memory. High quality protein in combination with carbohydrates and creatine is e.g. contained in the creatine protein. The protein shake is particularly suitable for nutrient supply on competition days.


The sport of biathlon has its origins in hunting. Thousands of years ago, animals were pursued on skis in Scandinavia.

In recent history, the combination of shooting and skiing has developed into a military sport practiced by soldiers. The first official competitions were held in the late 19th century. The so-called patrol run was practised as a team sport until the middle of the 20th century. Since 1924 the combination sport for men has been Olympic.

Only after the Second World War was the sport opened up to civilian athletes – but not in the form of today’s biathlon. In addition to the military patrol run, modern pentathlons were held in the winter sports programme. These included riding, fencing and downhill as well as the disciplines of shooting and cross-country skiing. It was not until 1954 that biathlon was officially recognised as a sport in its own right, and one year later it was given its present name. Women’s Biathlon only became part of the Olympic Winter Games in 1992.

Biathletes run a special cross-country style. The rifles are usually fired with small bore rifles without automatic loading. Five targets must be hit per shooting exercise. Accordingly, the rifle has exactly five shot magazines. And the athletes only have five cartridges per shooting exercise. The relay competitions are an exception. The biathletes have three spare cartridges at their disposal.

The vertically arranged targets are 50 metres away from the biathlete. In each discipline, both lying and standing shots are fired. The left half of the shooting range is kept free for shooting while lying, the right half for shooting while standing. The size of the targets varies for prone and standing shooting.

The competitions

The course lengths vary according to the type of competition. The longest rounds are run in the individual competitions. Men run 20 kilometres, women 15 kilometres. The distances are considerably shorter in the sprint competitions, which are ten kilometres for men and 7.5 kilometres for women. Both disciplines run against time.

The pursuit discipline is much more attractive for spectators. The biathletes are in direct duels. Five laps are run in the pursuit race. Each miss is punished with a penalty round. Usually the pursuit race is preceded by a sprint competition. The best 60 sprinters will be admitted to the pursuit.

The fourth biathletic individual sport is the mass start. 30 participants will start at the same time. The rules are the same as for pursuit. First the shooting is done lying down twice, then standing up twice. After each of the first four rounds there will be a shooting range. Missed shots are also punished with penalty rounds.

In addition, there are team disciplines such as relay competitions and mixed runs. In the relay, men and women run over 4 x 7.5 kilometres. As a rule, four runners compete. The start is a mass start. Each of the four athletes has to shoot standing and lying. In contrast to the individual disciplines, the biathletes may reload during the relay race. They have three spare cartridges at their disposal.

The mixed relay has only been held for a few years. Two men and two women run in the relay over 2 x 7.5 kilometres and 2 x 6 kilometres respectively. Mixed competitions are not Olympic.

Shooting and shooting ranges

Usually biathletes shoot with small bore rifles. International shooting ranges usually consist of 30 shooting ranges. Each lane is about 2.75 metres wide. At the end of the shooting range, at a distance of 50 metres, five targets are suspended. The size of the targets depends on the type of shooting. In prone shooting, the targets have a diameter of 4.5 centimeters. In standing shooting, the diameter is 11.5 centimetres.

The shooting ranges are numbered from right to left. The left half of each shooting range is reserved for horizontal shooting in individual and sprint competitions, the right half for standing shooting. The track on which the athletes shoot is up to them. The distribution of the shooting ranges in the disciplines pursuit, mass start and relay races works differently. Whoever arrives first at the shooting range always shoots on the first lane. All the athletes who follow will be placed behind it.

Each biathlete has five shots per round. Each missed target results in a penalty round of about 150 meters in the disciplines sprint, pursuit, relay and mass start. In the individual races, missed shots are awarded a minute’s penalty.

The equipment

Every biathlete needs well insulating clothing that protects the athletes from cold and wetness. This includes thermal clothing and a top layer, which in international business is usually a competition suit. All biathletes wear gloves.

Of course, every biathlete also has suitable ski equipment that is adapted to the size and weight of the runner. Today, so-called skating skis are usually used. In contrast to the classic skis, they are somewhat shorter. The length varies depending on the size of the athlete. There are no guidelines for this. The width of the cross-country skis is mostly similar with about five centimeters.

The cross-country shoe is attached to a loose binding in the middle. The rear part of the shoe is not fixed and can come loose when running forward. This ensures a better feed for the athletes. In addition to the shoes, cross-country poles are also part of the equipment of every biathlete. In contrast to alpine poles, cross-country poles are about shoulder-high. The athletes can thus repel themselves optimally from the ground.

Things to know

Sometimes biathletes suffer from the so-called sewing machine effect. The sewing machine is the physical reaction in which the pulse at the shooting range collapses. The muscles, especially the legs, begin to tremble strongly. Precise shooting is hardly possible in this condition.

The reason for the sewing machine effect is that the pulse is in a very high range during the strenuous run. During a longer pause at the shooting range it suddenly sinks strongly. In order to shoot precisely and concentrated, the body needs a certain pulse. If the pulse falls below this value, a full body tremor cannot be prevented. When shooting lying down, the body can distribute the trembling better than when shooting standing up. If a biathlete is struck by the sewing machine effect during standing shootings, he swings slightly back and forth. The term sewing machine can also be traced back to this movement.

Therefore the last meters before the shooting ranges are usually run more slowly, so that the body can prepare itself for the falling of the pulse and thus achieve the perfect balance between endurance and precision.